Mother Nature can be very scary.
Spending time in the wilderness can put your life in jeopardy in many ways.
Here’s how to survive one terrifying challenge in the wild.
One of the keys to staying alive in the wilderness is being mindful of the Survival Rule of Three: you can last three minutes without breathable air, three hours without shelter in harsh conditions, three days without water, and three weeks without food.
One of the skills that directly relates to shelter is being able to start a fire.
A fire serves several purposes essential to survival.
It provides warmth to combat the cold, especially at night when the temperature drops.
Fire provides light so you can function at night and stay alert to any potential threats in the area.
Fire allows you to cook any meat caught from fishing, trapping, or big-game hunting.
Also, fire permits you to sterilize essential items like natural water.
For these reasons, being able to start a fire is a critical ability.
You should always have plenty of matches handy, and lighters are also a good portable method to start a fire.
However, conditions aren’t always ideal. Sometimes you’re stranded without the things you need or your resources have been depleted, so you’ll need a plan B to start a fire.
Here are some tips for making use of this valuable skill.
One way to start a fire is using the friction-based method.
This isn’t easy, but it can work if the conditions are right.
First, you’ll need a tinder of grass, leaves, and bark to ignite a fire once you’ve generated enough friction from rubbing two pieces of wood together.
You’ll need to find very dry wood, so rainy or damp conditions will make this an uphill battle.
That said, it’s still a useful skill to have.
Another way to start a fire is using a lens (such as eyeglasses) to magnify the rays from direct sunlight.
Dense forest areas with poor direct sunlight or areas that are heavily overcast will make this method difficult, but it’s perfect for arid climates such as the desert.
One thing to consider when starting a fire is how to maintain and contain it.
Have kindling such as tree branches nearby to make sure you don’t lose the flame once you’ve built it.
Placing large rocks around your fire pit is a good method to keep it contained.
It would be a nightmare to start a fire that you can’t control.
Also, be mindful of how much smoke a fire creates.
That’s something that’s often overlooked, but the most critical rule of the Survival Rule of Three is that you can only last three minutes without breathable air.
Inhaling particulates from black smoke can put your life in jeopardy relatively quickly.