First aid is one of the most important elements of survival.
Since you can’t be wholly reliant upon doctors and hospitals to save you in the face of an emergency, here’s what to do if you suffer one life-threatening injury.
Suffering from a burn is one of the most excruciating forms of pain.
Not only do burns have the potential to permanently scar or injure nerves, they can be deadly.
Burns can create a very high risk of infection, which can be lethal, particularly in an emergency situation where you may not have easy access to a medical professional.
The severity of a burn is grouped into four categories.
First-degree burns are generally superficial burns of the epidermis, or top layer of skin.
While painful, these burns are easy to heal and the top layer of skin will simply peel off as the wound heals.
Second-degree burns extend to the dermis, a thicker layer of skin underneath the epidermis.
They’re similar to first-degree burns but also come with blisters.
It’s very important not to pop a blister because it destroys the skin’s protection, leaving your burn wound more susceptible to infection.
Third and fourth-degree burns are incredibly serious and will require surgery.
Third-degree burns affect all layers of skin, and fourth-degree burns extend to muscle and bone.
These two classifications of burns are so dangerous because they can do direct damage to nerves, leave permanent scars, and leave you highly vulnerable to infection.
Also, the dead skin must be completely removed or the dead tissue will attack your healthy cells and cause infection.
In a SHTF situation, there isn’t much to be done with third and fourth-degree burns unless you have a doctor in your group who can tend to the wounds.
However, there are home remedies available for first and second-degree burns.
Tackling these injuries will help you heal quicker and avoid the potential for dangerous infections setting in.
The first remedy is to cool the wound. Using cool running water or a cold compress is a great way to reduce swelling and slightly ease the pain.
Cool water can also wash away contaminants that might be around the wound.
It’s important not to use ice because it can actually cause frostbite.
Once the wound is cooled, loosely bandaging it with gauze will protect the skin from irritation and infection.
Bandaging it too tightly will cause discomfort and can contribute to circulation issues.
Another common remedy is honey.
Using honey as a salve not only relieves pain but keeps the skin moist and helps fight infection.
Apple cider vinegar mixed with water can also be applied as a quick pain reliever and an anti-inflammatory.
Soaking the burn in cool water with oatmeal will help reduce itching and make the recovery process less uncomfortable.
Place the oats in a sieve (such as a sock) and submerge it in the cool water to aid in soaking the burn wound.
Burns can do considerable damage, but if you’re fortunate enough to avoid the catastrophic third and fourth-degree burns, home remedies can help you recover quickly.